This component will support climate-resilient approaches that allows for the sustainable use of the natural resource base through agricultural and livestock production systems aiming to increase long term productivity and farm incomes in an environment marked by increased climate and, in particular, rainfall variability. Agrarian households in rural Rajasthan face tremendous challenges even with the existing levels of climate variability, let alone those that may come with future changes in climate. This is often referred to as an „adaptation deficit‟. Thus the package of options in this component is based on a strategy that is robust under any future climate scenario and focuses on ways of overcoming this existing adaptation deficit as a necessary step 15 towards longer term climate resilience. More specifically, this component will support measures that improve:
(a) Harvest, capture, collection, delivery and distribution of water for agriculture and livestock purposes in surface water irrigated canal command areas, ground water sources and rainfed areas.
(b) On-farm water use efficiency.
(c) Soil moisture and fertility improvements.
(d) Sustainable intensification and diversification of farm production.
(e) Integrated crop and livestock farming systems.